Below are a few of the crucial events in the struggle as Syrians mark the fifth anniversary of the rebellion against President Bashar Assad:
— March 2011: Demonstrations erupt in the town of Daraa over security forces’ detention of several lads -government graffiti on the walls of the school. In Damascus’ Old City, a demonstration is held on March 15. On a demonstration in Daraa, security forces open fire on March 18, killing four people in what activists regard as the primary departures of the rebellion. Protests propagate, as does the crack down by the forces of Assad.
— April 2011: Security forces raid a sit in in Syria’s third-biggest city, Homs, where a large number of folks attempted to make the mood of Cairo’s Tahrir Square, the epicenter of demonstrations against the autocrat Hosni Mubarak in Egypt.
— June 2011: soldiers and Cops in Jisr al- protesters are joined by Shughour in northeastern Syria they were ordered to shoot, as well as the rebellion claims control of a town for the very first time. Choppers, tanks and top-Notch authorities troops retake the town within days.
— August 2011: President Barack Obama orders Syrian government assets frozen and calls to step down.
— July 2012: A bombing in the Syrian national security building during a high level government disaster assembly kills four top officials, including Assad’s brother-in-law the defense minister as well as.
— Summer 2012: Fighting spreads to Aleppo, Syria’s biggest city and its own former capital that is commercial.
— August 2012: Kofi Annan steps down as U.N.-Arab League envoy after his efforts to broker a ceasefire failed. Obama says using chemical weapons in Syria could be a “red line” that would alter his thinking about military action.
— March 2013: rebel forces gain Raqqa After progressing in the north, a city of 500,000 individuals on the Euphrates River and the first important population centre commanded by
— May-June 2013: Backed by a large number of Lebanese Hezbollah combatants, Assad’s forces recapture the strategic town of Qusair close to the boundary with Lebanon, from rebels.
— August-September 2013: A chemical weapons assault in the Damascus suburbs kills hundreds. Obama, attributing Assad’s government, says the U.S. has a duty to answer and sets it up to a vote in Congress. Russia proposes that Syria give up its chemical weapons.
— October 2013: Syria ruins its chemical weapons production gear. The amount of Syrian refugees enrolled with the U.N. tops 2 million.
— January 2014: Infighting among rebels distributes, comparing various Islamic groups and average factions against the al Qaida-breakaway Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant.
— May 9: Rebels pull away in the old quarter of the central city of Homs in a major symbolic triumph for the authorities.
— June 3: Syrians in government places vote in presidential elections. Assad, one of three nominees, irresistibly wins with 88.7 percent.
— June: The Islamic State group, as the Islamic State of the Levant and Iraq is known, captures big parts of western and northern Iraq. In control of around a third of Iraq and Syria, it declares a self styled Islamic caliphate.
— July 3: Islamic State group takes control of Syria’s biggest oil field, alOmar, after ferocious conflicts using the Nusra Front, al Qaida’s branch in Syria.
— Mid-September: IS starts attacking to take Syrian Kurdish town of Kobani, to the Turkish border.
— Sept. 23: U.S.-led coalition starts airstrikes against Islamic State group goals in Syria.
—- May 6: President Bashar Assad admits serious drawbacks for his military.
—- Sept. 30: Russia starts found airstrikes in Syria in support of Assad’s forces.
—- Nov. 14: Seventeen countries meeting in Vienna embrace a timeline for a transition strategy in Syria that contains a new constitution as well as U.N.-managed parliamentary and presidential elections within 18 months.
—- Feb. 22: The U.S. and Russia declared a partial ceasefire in Syria will begin on Feb. 27.