Tens of thousands of Russians have taken a dip in freezing waters to observe Epiphany, an important holiday.
Water blessed with a priest on the Epiphany week in Orthodox tradition is recognized as pure and sacred, and bathing is thought to possess healing abilities.
In Moscow, 60 official bathing websites were set up by authorities from open air pools to holes in ponds night, for believers.
For many Russians this season, Epiphany bathing was a more comfortable experience. The defence ministry organised parties for the troops serving at the military base in Syria in Russia by putting up an inflated rubber pool.